Extinction is a global problem. The leading cause of extinct species is habitat loss and environmental pollution. Similarly, climate change might cause as many as 1 in 6 animal and plant species to become extinct.
When species whether of a plant or animal goes extinct, very few of them leave fossils behind them. So everything about them and they taught us disappears with them. According to the Quentin Wheeler, president of the state university of New York told. “Every species that goes extinct is a chapter in the story of our origins that we’ll never be able to tell.”
By the international union for the conservation of nature and natural resources, ten animals classified as “Critically Endangered”.
South China Tiger
We all know that in China traditional medicines are made from exotic animal parts and it’s a miracle that the South China tiger didn’t disappear long ago.
As the name suggests this species native to the southern Chinese areas of Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi and Hunan. According to the survey in the 1950s, the population of this species had 4,000 of total numbers. Reintroduction from the captive population was the only hope.
This species of elephant is native to the Indonesian island Sumatra. According to the survey in 2011 by IICN, Sumatran Elephant has been classified as critically endangered. You will be surprised to know; the population has been decreased by at least 80% over the three generations.
The significant causes are habitat loss, degradation, poaching and fragmentation. More than 65% of potential elephant habitat has been lost within the last 25 years. According to an estimate in 2007, there were less than 2,800 Sumatran elephants remaining in the world.
The Amur leopard is also known as Manchurian leopard, East Leopard or Korean leopard. This species is native to the northern China and Primorye region of southeastern Russia.
Amur leopard is listed in the IUCN Red List as Critically Endangered Species. According to the survey in 2007, only 19 to 25 wild leopards were estimated to survive in their native regions. It is considered as the rarest cats on Earth.
The hawksbill sea turtle is a critically endangered species of sea turtle. The appearance of hawksbill is similar to the other marine turtles. Hawksbill shell slightly changes colour according to the temperature of the water.
If not touched by humans, this sea turtle lives approx — 30 to 50 years in the wild. The biggest threat to this turtle is hunters. They seek hawksbills’ gold and alluring brown shells. These shells are mostly used in jewellery especially in Japan.
Black Rhinoceros or Hook-lipped Rhinoceros is a species of rhinoceros native to southern and eastern Africa including South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia, and Kenya. In 2011, three subspecies of black rhinoceros had been declared extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
According to the survey of the organisation “save the rhino“, there are barely 5,000 remaining black rhinos in Africa.