Buying a new digital camera for professional photography can be a bit overwhelming. With so many brands and models coming into the market every day, it’s quite tricky to find the one that best suits your needs. Although online shopping in India helps you a great deal in terms of options, you still need to know a few important things before hitting that ‘buy’ button. Check out the digital camera prices in India and compare them before making a decision.
Here are a few things you should consider before buying a digital camera.
- Type of Camera
Smartphones nowadays pack a lot of camera features that are impressive and serve your basic photography needs. But still, it’s no replacement to a good digital camera. Point-and-shoot digital cameras fulfill your amateur photography needs, but since you are looking for professional photography, what you require is a good DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) camera.
These days mirrorless cameras are making their presence felt in the market, but DSLR cameras are always recommended for professional photography, as they have more options in terms of lens selection.
Canon 1D, for instance, started off with an 8-megapixel camera and was used for high-end photography. Now, 8MP is a thing of past. The new Canon 5D Mark II has 21.1MP. So you should first decide on the pixel rating. Anything above 12MP is really good. But then again, it all depends on your personal requirements. If you are looking forward to creating some exceptionally large professional prints, then having a camera with high-resolution is vital. For simple images, a fairly decent DSLR camera is efficient. So decide on your priorities.
- Full Frame Sensor
Full Frame Sensor means that you will get the same frame size as from a traditional 35mm film camera. With full frame sensor, you will get the correct angle of view from the lens you are using. This is important if you are looking forward to taking landscape or architectural pictures. They perform exceptionally well at a high ISO. The Smaller sensor works well if you are shooting nature, sports, or wildlife where you are required to get tighter shots. But if your work/passion demands a larger work, then choosing a camera with full frame sensor is important. Canon 5D Mark II, for instance, has a full frame sensor.
Find out what kind of format does the camera use before buying. Are you looking for cameras that support RAW format? If professional photography is your thing, then the RAW format is what you should prefer to shoot in. RAW captures large files very well that can be manipulated/edited later without losing the image quality. Most of the DSLR cameras have the option to shoot in RAW. This can considerably improve the quality of the final product.
Even if you are a Still Photography enthusiast and don’t think you will ever use video function, it’s still recommended to buy a DSLR camera, which has an HD video function. One simple reason: they are remarkable. Many movie directors use DSLR cameras to shoot their movies these days. Whether you use the video function or not, having an HD Video camera equipped in your DSLR is not a bad thing. You may find it useful someday, you never know.
Now, this is the most important factor when it comes to professional photography. Choosing the right lens for your camera is important.
- Focal Length
Pick the right focal length for the kinds of pictures you take. The focal length of a lens is usually represented by two numbers, for example: 18mm – 55mm. This represents the distance from your camera lens to the sensor. A wider range lets the camera take pictures from a distance in a better way. A shorter range helps take pictures of things up close. For example: if you are taking pictures of family functions, choosing a focal length of 18-35 will be optimum, as they are mostly close-up shots.
- b) Image Stabilization
Image stabilization is another important factor while choosing a lens. Image stabilization helps prevent blurring by keeping the camera steady while taking pictures. Pentax and Olympus cameras, for example, have photo stabilization built in the body of the camera, so you don’t need the lens with image stabilization. This is termed differently by different cameras.
- Canon uses Image Stabilization or IS
- Fujifilm, Panasonic, and Samsung use Optical Image Stabilization (OIS)
- Nikon uses Vibration Reduction (VR)
- Sony uses Optical Steady Shot (OSS)
Either way, consider image stabilization feature before buying a camera.
- c) Aperture
Aperture refers to the amount of light a camera lens allows in and it is represented by f-stop rating. For example, F4. Smaller numbers indicate that cameras let more light in. If you are looking forward to some creative photography, then smaller aperture is what you need in your lens, as it lets you focus on a close-up of objects. On the contrary, if you are looking forward to capturing simple pictures of your daily life, choose the lens with the larger aperture, as it lets you take pictures without flash and without a lot of light.
For example, for family functions, an f-stop rating of F4 is optimum. For creative photography, choose the lens with an f-stop rating of F2.